The Islamic ruling (hukm) on marriage

The Islamic ruling (hukm) on marriageWritten by Mohd Nidzam Abdul Kadir

Translated by Yasmin Norhazleena Bahari Md Noor

 

Getting married is the sunnah of our Holy -Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). It was narrated by Anas bin Malik:

A group of three men came to the houses of the wives of the Prophet (peace be upon him). asking how the Prophet worshipped (Allah), and when they were informed about that, they considered their worship insufficient and said, “Where are we from the Prophet (where do we stand compared with the Holy Prophet peace be upon him) as his past and future sins have been forgiven.” Then one of them said, “I will offer the prayer throughout the night forever.” The other said, “I will fast throughout the year and will not break my fast.” The third said, “I will keep away from the women and will not marry forever.” Allah’s Apostle (peace be upon him) came to them and said, “Are you the same people who said so-and-so?

وَاللهِ إِنِّي َلأَخْشَاكُمْ ِللهِ وَأَتْقَاكُمْ لَهُ لَكِنْ أَصُومُ وَأُفْطِرُ ، وَأُصَلِّي وَأَنَامُ وَأَتَزَوَّجُ النِّسَاءَ فَمَنْ رَغِبَ عَنْ سُنَّتِي فَلَيْسَ مِنِّي

By Allah, I am more submissive to Allah and more afraid of Him than you; yet I fast and break my fast, I do sleep and I also marry women. So he who does not follow my tradition in religion, is not from me (not one of my followers).” [1]

Sometimes getting married becomes obligatory on couples who fear that they might commit fornication. There is no concept of monasticism in Islam. Monasticism means refusing to get married in order to worship Allah. Some Ulama divide the ruling on marriage into five namely:

RULING ON MARRIAGE
  • Marriage is obligatory (wajib) for those who can afford to maintain the future wife and fulfill his marital obligation to perform sexual intercourse with his future wife, in order to enhance his piety (taqwa) and prevent him from committing fornication.
  • Marriage is forbidden (haram) for those who can neither maintain his future wife nor fulfill his marital obligation to perform sexual intercourse with his future wife.
  • Marriage is recommended (sunat) for those who can afford to maintain the future wife and fulfill his marital obligation to perform sexual intercourse with his future wife, but can control his sexual desire.
  • Marriage is not encouraged and detested by Allah (makruh) on those who can neither maintain his future wife nor fulfill his marital obligation to perform sexual intercourse with his future wife, but the future wife is rich and does not have strong desire/urge to have sexual intercourse.
  • Marriage is allowed (harus) for those who have neither obstacles preventing him from getting married nor the urge/catalyst/impetus pushing him to get married.

[1] From http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/fundamentals/hadithsunnah/bukhari/062.sbt.html

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